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BEST WINTER GLOVES & MITTENS - ONLINE GLOSSARY

BEST WINTER GLOVES & MITTENS - ONLINE GLOSSARY

To help you make a more informed decision about the best and warmest winter ski glove or mitten for your next ski or snowboard trip, we've put together a glossary guide to highlight the main design, material, feature and temperature terms that are used for skiing and snowboard gloves.

4-way stretch nylon - a ski glove mitten fabric, which when stretched recovers both its width and length

ambient temperature - air temperature

battery heated - a ski glove or snow mitten heated with the aid of batteries. Battery heated gloves may be prone to technical issues and do not provide additional warmth over an extended period of time in cold temperatures without regular recharging

below zero temperature - air temperature below water's freezing point of 0 °C (32 °F ) 

black - typical color of most snow gloves  or skiing mittens. Often preferred as dirt is less visible 

breaking-in/ broken in - process of softening new skiing gloves or mitts to a state in which they provide the necessary dexterity required by the wearer. Generally agreed the best way to break-in new gloves is by wearing and using them

breathable material - a ski glove or snowboarding mitten fabric which allows sweat to escape from the surface of the hand 

core body temperature - temperature of the body's internal organs typically 36.5°C (97.7°F) to 37.5°C (99.5°F)

cinch cord - an elastic cord with an attached toggle sewn into the end of the cuff of gloves for skiing or snowboarding, which can be tightened or released. A cinch cord prevents snow coming into the ski glove or mitten as well as ensuring a better fit on the hand and forearm

Cordura® - non natural man made synthetic snow glove or mitten material which is waterproof 

cotton - natural fiber from the seedpod of the cotton plant. Its use as a material for ski gloves or mittens is generally not considered effective due to its poor insulating qualities once wet 

cowhide - leather snow glove or mitten material made from the hide of a cow. Generally goat leather is preferred as a ski glove material over cowhide. See goat leather

cuff - that part of a a ski glove or mitten that extends over as well as around the wrest. There are two main types of cuffs. See also long cuff and short cuff

dexterity - the degree to which a skiing glove or skiing mitten allows its wearer to use and perform tasks with her/ his hands 

double glove - a winter glove or mitten with a thinner inner glove liner or membrane. The inner liner is removable for drying and washing in some skiing glove models. See liner

DWR - abbreviation for Durable Water Repellent, which is a solution used to improve the water repellency of a ski glove or skiing mitten

elastic - a ski glove or mitten fabric, which when stretched recovers its shape

Elastane - a non natural man made synthetic fibre used as a snow glove or mitten material which when stretched recovers its shape

EnduroLoft® - a non natural man made synthetic insulation material. See synthetic insulation

eva foam - popularly referred to as rubber foam and typically add to a snowboard glove or mitten as padding to protect the knuckles or top of the hand

extremity - an appendage of the body like the hands

fleece - a polyester synthetic insulating fabric. Its use as a synthetic down liner material for ski gloves or mittens is generally considered effective due to its good insulating qualities. See also synthetic insulation

full grain leather - leather from the top layer of the hide of an animal

frostbite - injured skin or body tissue caused by exposure to the cold. Seek immediate medical assistance if you suspect you have frostbite. Early symptoms of frostbite are the skin becoming very red and cold

Gauntlet style cuff - a ski glove or mitten cuff, which extends over the sleeve of a ski jacket and is often slightly oversized. See also short cuff, long cuff, long cuff, over cuff and universal cuff

glove - a ski glove with a five finger design. Generally, ski gloves are less warm than ski mittens with a thumb and four finger design made of the same materials due to a greater surface area for hand heat loss. See also mitten and three finger glove

glove clip - a small device typically of plastic to attach a pair of ski gloves or snow mittens to each other, and/ or the skier's jacket sleeve

glove finger loop - a design feature designed to allow a ski glove to be hung finger-ends up to prevent snow getting into the glove 

glove leash - a thin adjustable strap attached between a skiing glove or ski mitten and the wrist of the skier to prevent loss. See idiot strap  

glove pocket - a small bag sewn into the shell material between the knuckles and wrist of a ski glove or mitten, which is commonly used to store a ski pass or similar sized object

goat leather - winter glove or mitten material made from the hide of a goat. Generally preferred for use in winter sports gloves versus other leather types like cowhide as goat leather is more water resistant, durable and softer with a higher lanolin content

goggle wipe - an area of softer material located on either the thumb or index finger of a skiing glove or mitten that can be used to wipe your goggles or nose. See also nose wiper

Goose Down - soft under plumage of feathers from geese, ducks and other similar waterfowl. Its use as a material for ski gloves or mittens is generally considered very effective due to its excellent insulating qualities especially in low temperatures but goose down winter ski gloves may have less dexterity than gloves insulated with other materials 

Gore-Tex® - a synthetic waterproof fabric generally used to create a moisture barrier in skiing gloves and snowboarding mittens

hand heat loss - heat flow from the surface of the hand and fingers to the surrounding colder air 

hook and loop - easy to use wrist strap fastening design used on some ski gloves and winter mittens

idiot strap - a thin adjustable strap attached between a ski glove and the wrist of the skier to prevent loss of the glove. See glove leash 

insert - a material sandwiched between the outer shell material and linear of a thermal insulated skiing glove or mitten

insulation - materials used to improve the insulating qualities of a ski glove or mitten. The addition of insulating materials improves a glove's capacity to retain heat from the skier's hand

keeper leash - a thin adjustable strap attached between a skiing mitten  and the wrist of the skier to prevent loss of the mitt. See also glove leash, idiot strap, keeper leash and wrist leash 

knuckle dragger - snowboarder whose gloves frequently come into contact with the snow when carving 

leather - a ski glove material made from the hide of an animal by tanning. See synthetic leather 

lightweight - a ski glove or mitten weighing less than average. An average ski glove, mitten or hybrid mitten typically weighs between 240 to 330 grams depending on the design and materials used 

liner - a thinner glove worn inside your ski glove or mitten, which provides additional insulation and absorbs or wicks away perspiration

liner material - that part of a linear in immediate contact with the skin of the skier's hand

liner insulation material - any material used in the construction of the liner of a ski glove or mitten

lobster mitten - a ski glove design with two separate openings. The first opening for the little, ring and middle fingers. And, the second opening for the thumb and index finger. Generally, lobster-style three finger ski gloves are less insulating than ski mittens but warmer than ski gloves due to the difference in surface area for hand heat loss. See also three finger glove

long cuff - the cuff of a ski glove or mitten designed to go over the sleeve of your jacket. See also cuff, Gauntlet style cuff, short cuff and universal cuff

merino - fine grade of wool

mitten - a ski glove with a thumb and four finger design. Generally, snowboard mittens are better heat insulators than gloves with a five finger design made of the same materials due to a smaller surface area for hand heat loss. See also lobster mitten

moisture wicking material - a ski glove or  mitten fabric often of polyester, which allows sweat to escape from the surface of the hand. See also breathable material 

Neoprene - a non natural man made synthetic fibre used as a snow glove or mitten material which resembles rubber

nose wipe - an area of softer material located on either the tip of the thumb or index finger of a ski glove that can be used to wipe a runny nose. See also goggle wiper 

Nylon - a non natural man made synthetic fibre used as a winter glove or snow mitten material which stretches and is lightweight

outseams - stitching or seams on the outside of a ski glove or mitten 

over the cuff - ski glove or snowboard mitten with a cuff extending over the wearer's ski jacket. See also long cuff and Gauntlet style cuff  

oversizing - choosing a ski glove, one size up from your measurement. This is typically done so that the skier can comfortably wear a liner glove under her/ his outer glove. See undersizing

padding - an area of a ski glove, which cushions and protects the hand against contact with a surface 

palm material - fabric used to construct the palm of a ski glove or mitten. Due to this part of the ski glove being used for gripping and holding, a ski glove palm should be reinforced with a double layering of leather to reduce wear and tear. See reinforced palm 

pighide - snow glove or mitten material made from the hide of a pig. Generally goat leather is preferred as a ski glove material over pig hide. See goat leather

pipe glove - a ski glove design typically used for halfpipe and terrain skiing, which has silicone grips and less insulation in order to improve hand dexterity and gripping. See also spring glove

Polartec® - a non natural man made synthetic insulation material. See synthetic insulation 

polyester - a durable quick drying man-made polymer fabric used in ski glove or mitten designs

pre-curved - a ski glove design with the fingers slightly bent similar to the position of the fingers of a hand in a naturally relaxed state. The design is most commonly seen with leather ski gloves and generally agreed to promote comfort and dexterity 

PrimaLoft® - a non natural man made synthetic insulation material. See synthetic insulation

reinforced palm - a double leather layering feature on the inside of a ski glove between the base of the fingers and wrist, which typically is intended to protect the hand, reduce wear and tear as well as increase glove durability 

reinforced thumb - a ski glove design with additional shell material on the inside of the thumb typically intended to protect the hand and increase glove durability

reflector - a ski glove or mitten with a reflective fabric strip or print typically on the back of the glove hand to improve visibility in low-light conditions

removable liner - a liner that can be removed from a ski glove or mitten. A removable liner is sometimes used separately as a thin glove. A removable liner can be easily dried, washed or replaced. Once the removable liner is re-fitted into the outer glove, care should be taken to ensure the removable liner sits properly

retention strap - a thin adjustable strap attached between a ski glove or mitten and the wrist of the skier to prevent loss of the glove. See also glove leash, idiot strap, keeper leash and wrist leash 

shell material - the outer material used in the construction of a winter glove or mitten

short cuff - a ski glove or mitten cuff primarily intended to be tucked under a ski jacket sleeve. See also under cuff, Gauntlet style cuff, long cuff and universal cuff

skiers thumb - ligament injury from falling onto an outstretched thumb typically when gripping a ski pole  

ski glove wax - mouldable substance made of different waxes and oils, which is applied to the leather parts of a ski glove for the purpose of preserving and protecting the leather

slip on stretch - easy to use wrist strap fastening design on some ski gloves 

spandex - polyurethane fabric known for its sketchiness

spring glove - a ski glove design typically used for halfpipe and terrain skiing with silicone pads for gripping and less insulation in order to improve hand dexterity. See also pipe glove

suede - leather with a napped or fuzzy surface often sewn around the outer thumb of a snow glove. The term comes from the French "gants de Suède" meaning "gloves from Sweden" 

synthetic insulation - non-natural, man-made synthetic down substitutes. Their use as a down liner material for ski gloves or mittens is generally considered very effective due to their good insulating qualities even when wet. EnduroLoft®, PrimaLoft® and Thinsulate® are examples of non natural man made synthetic down insulation materials

synthetic leather - non-natural man made ski glove material used as an alternative to natural leather. See leather

thermal fleece material - typically a blend of natural wool and synthetics  used for insulating ski gloves or mittens. Its use as a synthetic down liner material is generally considered effective. See also synthetic insulation  

Thinsulate® - a non natural man made synthetic snow glove insulation material. See synthetic insulation

three finger glove - a ski glove design with separate openings for the little, ring and middle fingers as well as the thumb and index finger. Generally, three finger ski gloves are less warm than mittens but warmer than ski gloves due to the difference in surface area for hand heat loss. See also lobster mitten

top grain leather - second best leather grain. See leather 

top-of-hand - a design feature located on the back of a ski glove or mitten between the knuckles and wrist typically intended to protect the hand and increase glove durability 

under the cuff - a skiing glove or mitten cuff primarily intended to be tucked under a ski jacket sleeve. See also over the cuff, short cuff, Gauntlet style cuff, long cuff and universal cuff 

undersizing - choosing a ski glove or mitten one size down from your measurement. This typically prevents a glove liner being worn comfortably at the same time. See oversizing

universal cuff - a ski glove or mitten cuff which can go under or over a jacket sleeve 

water resistant - a winter glove's resistant to the penetration of water. Regular waxing of a waterproof winter glove is strongly recommended to maintain its water resistance

waterproof - a ski glove or mitten impermeable to water

windchill - lowering of body temperature due to the cooling effect of the wind. In a cold environment, the higher the wind speed the greater the risk for windchill

windproof - a ski glove or mitten resistant to wind penetration

winter lined - a ski glove or skiing mitten including a liner material providing insulation against below freezing temperatures 

wool - hair shorn from a sheep, goat or similar animal used to make yarn. Its use as a material for ski gloves or mittens is generally considered effective due to its good insulating qualities but wool is known to dry slowly once wet 

wool blend - a mix of natural wool and man made synthetic fibers used as insulation in a ski glove or snowboard mitten 

wrist leash - a thin adjustable strap attached between a ski glove or mitten and the wrist of the skier to prevent loss of the glove. See also glove leash, idiot strap and retention strap